Mikhail Shvartsman was the muralist, mystic and philosopher, teacher and founder of the well-known Moscow graphic design school. He belongs to masters of the XX century, whose creative oeuvre was the landmark on a way to a new art language. The artist’s creative oeuvre turns to complex philosophic and religious aspects of reality. His style and plastic language was formed at the end of the 1950s – in the 1960s. He gave the name to his artworks as “hieraturas”. His conception was called as “hieratism”. He created this term from the ancient Greek hieros that means “sacred”, “signed”.
After the avant-garde artists of the 1920s Shvartsman developed the mystical and religious tradition of Russian art, combined in his artworks the methods of cubism, surrealism and archaic and religious meanings. Combination of representative and abstract art corresponded with his inner vision and interpretation of reality.
The anthropoid “Faces” were in the basis of the artist’s composition of the 1960s. They are the relative and laconic portraits of mystic “messengers”, that “remember” about a Byzantine icon.
In the beginning of the 1970s the abstract “Hieraturas” were originated. Mainly the geometrical forms were in the basis of the “Hieraturas”. The artist’s works with hermetically sealed compositions reminded of the ancient totems or magical altars. At times they are supplied with mysterious characters. The artist was extremely exacting to their handicraft quality. His hieraturas are emphatically artificial.
Shvartsman displayed certain the first archeological forms that were the basis of his idea on a harmonious structure of the world. According to the ideas of Shvartsman, non-objective structures of the artworks, within of that there is their own hidden life of forms, exposed metamorphoses of the Universe life.
20 december 2018—11 march 2019
The exhibition will present more than 600 works of various types of textile art, painting, graphics, decorative and applied art, and more than 30 costumes, including shawls, headscarves, pashminas, and stoles.
17 october 2018—14 january 2019
An exhibition on the occasion of the 200th birth anniversary of Karl Marx offers a comprehensive overview of images of the influential thinker in Russian culture and everyday life from the beginning of the 20th century till nowadays.
The collection of masterpieces, chosen by the Russian Museum will allow you to make a first impression of the collection of the Russian Museum.
Russian Museum - one of the world's largest museums and is perhaps the only country where such a full treasure of national culture are presented.
Virtual tour of the museum complex. 2009 (Rus., Eng., Ger., Fin.)
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